New Approach to Identifying Alcohol Use Disorder

New Approach to Identifying Alcohol Use Disorder

A new framework can be used to identify those who have alcohol use disorder (AUD) by looking at the pathways that lead them to alcohol abuse, thus being more effective in helping treat them, according to researchers at the University of Missouri.

What to know:

  • While much is known about diagnosing AUD, not enough attention has been given to the pathways that lead people to their alcohol abuse.

  • A new framework focuses on 13 risk factors, such as impulsive behavior, reward sensitivity, and punishment sensitivity, all which could potentially lead to someone developing an AUD.

  • Of the 37 diseases tested, 12 ― including coronary artery disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes ― were directly related to the genes that determine whether or not a person has a “favorable adiposity.”

  • Of the diseases studied, nine were likely unrelated to someone’s adiposity and were most likely a result of simply carrying too much weight, such as having deep vein thrombosis or arthritic knees.

  • No matter what a person’s adiposity, being obese can be a danger to one’s health, and everyone benefits from losing extra fat, even if they are metabolically healthy.

This is a summary of the article, “Redefining Alcohol Use Disorder,” published by the University of Missouri on January 24. The full article can be found on Show Me Mizzou.

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